Greenhouse effect: What is it, Explanation, causes and consequences

The phenomenon of the greenhouse effect, despite being part of specifically air pollution, has also had its effect in maintaining the planet's temperature, since otherwise it would currently have an average temperature of 0°C. But how does it happen? Now you will know all the details about this natural supplement.

Greenhouse effect: What is it, Explanation, causes and consequences

What is the greenhouse effect?

The greenhouse effect consists in increasing the planet's temperature; which is generated directly by the action of a group of gases produced largely by man; absorbing infrared radiation and causing the sun's rays to penetrate the entire surface of the earth more easily.

At the same time, the greenhouse effect is the phenomenon in which such gases act, accumulating in the planet's atmosphere; working to retain part of the energy that is emitted once the soil is heated by the sun.

Scientific studies show that the greenhouse effect phenomenon has been increasingly accentuated with gases such as carbon dioxide; as well as methane; this due to the large number of human-made activities.

Likewise, this phenomenon is preventing the sun's energy from returning immediately to space; leading to having an effect similar to that observed in a greenhouse.

All of the above; It is that this state is described, which is now natural for industrial systems, irreversible damage that is occupying the atmosphere; for as time passes; the concentration of each of the gases continues to increase and with it the repercussion that has been in vogue for several decades and is; the global warming.

Greenhouse effect explained

The average temperature of planet Earth would not be as such; if not for the gases caused in the greenhouse effect; in this way they would be below 0 ° C. It is as well as these gases are blending a suitable temperature to the climate of all the natural surroundings; making the atmosphere remain at an optimum temperature for all living beings that inhabit it.

Likewise; It is by these gases that all living beings manage to develop in life with greater fluidity and many more conditions than an environment would be without this effect. The formation of this natural phenomenon is given according to the presence of certain types of gases accumulated in the atmosphere.

These gases are mainly carbon dioxide; although there are also large proportions of methane, nitrous oxide and others that become essential to form the so-called greenhouse effect.

From the last 650 thousand years of life of what the planet Earth carries;  the maximum concentration has been carbon dioxide, which has never increased more than 300 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere; while around 2008 this concentration was evaluated and it already exceeded 387 ppm.

Currently, the growth rate of these gases per year is 2 ppm. In many developed countries, greenhouse gas emissions correspond to more than 70% in carbon dioxide; as well as more than 8% in methane and above 6% in nitrous oxide, among others that are integrated within this natural accumulation.

Causes of the greenhouse effect

Natural causes

Among the natural causes that supply gases to the atmosphere ensuring the creation of the greenhouse effect is volcanic activity; as well as the evaporation of water from the oceans, which is completely inherent in the action of solar rays.


From the moment man began his process of evolution in the world; the industry was one of the particularities that undertook different causes to the events that could cause in the environment; one of them, the greenhouse effect. 

In the running of industries; the energy environment complies with the use of fossil fuels, as well as CO2 emissions and other gases that are part of the greenhouse effect; achieving a significant increase in its accumulation.

The concentration of heavy gases that make up the greenhouse effect phenomenon has started intensively since the 20th century; progressively increasing the temperature to more than 4 and 8 ° from what was previously.

This is how the planet has been overheating over its entire surface and it is expected that it will increase much more if no other actions are taken in this regard.

Cultivation processes

This is another of the man-made causes that efficiently leads to the greenhouse effect in the atmosphere. Although most of the factories are mostly responsible for the emission of greenhouse gases and they are the ones that last much longer in the atmosphere.

But there are also those electrical appliances used for many purposes; These include the cultivation process and the use of land; emitting gases such as chlorofluorocarbons, being used at the same time in refrigerators, aerosols; as well as foaming agents in packaging systems, chemical production, as well as various cleaning products.

Demographic factor

This component cannot be neglected among the causes of the greenhouse effect; because although it is an indirect factor if it is influencing the increase and worsening of this atmospheric phenomenon, then with the increase in population; 

The requirements of people are increasing, requiring the exaggerated use of all those elements that cause the emission of these harmful gases to the planet and that catalyze the greenhouse effect in all its extension.

Therefore, the solution only lies in the decrease in both factories; as the electrical elements that produce these gases that in the long term will manage to give the planet a temperature so high that it can become uninhabitable, it is estimated to be around 1000 years old.

Consequences of the greenhouse effect

Temperature increase

The climate change is a direct consequence of the greenhouse effect and as such the most important decision. It is estimated that for every 10 years; the earth increases temperature 0.2 degrees becoming increasingly harmful to all living things.


With the greenhouse effect, a large number of consequences appear; one of them and one of the most serious that generates imbalance in the entire habitat is the extension of both animal and plant species, because they cannot withstand the new temperatures; 

Not all the factors that this effect generates by itself. For their part, the remaining species must adapt to the new ecosystem that is being created throughout the environment.

Rising sea levels

Another result of this natural phenomenon caused by the different gases is that the level of love increases due to the thaw caused by the increase in temperatures. 

Currently, sea level has been estimated to increase more than 3.2 millimeters in the next 80 years;  knowing that in the 20th century it had already increased by around 20 cm.

Glacier reduction and polar ice caps

With the greenhouse effect, all glaciers that contribute to sea level rise gradually lose their thickness after each summer; Because the periods of snowfall are decreasing more and more due to the delay between each one and the overtaking that is now seen between the springs. 

The product of this is floods in regions bordering both seas and entire islands.

Appearance of climatic phenomena

Many of the phenomena are a product of the constant changes that occur in temperatures; this due to the atmospheric lack of control generated by the greenhouse effect, leading to typhoons and hurricanes such as Katia; José and María, being among the most severe due to the large increase in gases on the surface of the atmosphere zone.

Photochemical smog

As acid gases are involved in the greenhouse effect; a process called smog occurs; sounding like an anglicism given between the words smoke of smoke and fog of fog. 

This consequent effect is a mode of contamination in the air that originates from the incorporation of smoke into the mist.

Gray smog is the air pollution given by soot and sulfur; standing out among the main sources of pollutants that contribute to this pollution because coal combustion is generated by high sulfur content.

However, there is the photochemical smog that within the gas accumulation is the one that originates from substances that contain nitrogen and automobile combustion smoke; mixed with solar radiation that causes ozone gas and is one of the most toxic of the greenhouse effect.

Not to make the changes that provide a solution to the environment; more consequences will occur more frequently and with greater severity; damaging the life of all living beings.

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